The international Developments and its Impact on American Policy in the Middle East as well as its Reflexes on Turkey, Kurds and the Syrian Crisis.

Dr: Abdul-Ilah Mustafa – Scholar Fellow at Al-Furat Center for Studies

Translated by: Al-Furat Center for Studies- Translation Department


Axes of the Study

First Axis: The international Developments and its Impact on American Policy in the Middle East.

1- Eurasian Ideology.

2- The Chinese Project of “ The Road and Belt Initiative”.

Second Axis: The Impact of the International Developments on American Policy in the Middle East (Iran and Turkey)

1- The American-Iranian Struggle.

2- The American-Turkish Relationships.

Third Axis: Reflexes of the International Developments on the American Policy towards Kurds and Syrian Crisis.

1- Turkish Threats against the Eastern Euphrates.

2- Dimensions of the American-Turkish Agreement and the Idea of “the Safe Zone”.

The Outcomes and Recommendations

Introduction: Many international and regional powers participate in the Syrian crisis, which has made Syria a field where the waves of international politics to clash. This may make it a scene to anticipate the future of the World Order in light of the international developments. Throughout the emergence of powers that seek to manage the state of hegemony exercised by the United States. Moreover, seek to establish a new World Order that would be multipolar after Washington took over the location and the description of the unipolar over the past three decades.

The Kurds formed a third local party in the Syrian crisis, and they were a neutral party in most stages of the crisis except a segment that bet on Coalition of the Opposition. They sought to find a real and a logical solutions and presented political projects that were and still constitute as a real exit from the maze of this crisis.

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